SEEV4City low-carbon economy
- looptijd: 2016 - 2020
- locatie: Amsterdam, Noord-Holland
- functie: Mobiliteit en Transport
Vijf Europese steden gaan in het project SEEV4City experimenten met de opslag van zonne-energie in elektrische auto’s. Dat gebeurt onder de leiding van de Hogeschool van Amsterdam (HvA). Het onderzoek duurt drie jaar.
Doel van SEEV4City is de technologie op grote schaal te testen. Kun je bijvoorbeeld schone energie van een batterij gebruiken voor een straat, parkeergarage of stadion?
De HvA ontwikkelde een nieuwe technologie: Vehicle2Grid. Deze techniek maakt het mogelijk dat huishoudens en bedrijven energie uit zonnepanelen opslaan in hun elektrisch auto. De energie uit de accu’s kunnen ze later gebruiken. Hierdoor vermindert de afhankelijkheid van fossiele energie.
SEEV4-City supports the transition to a low-carbon economy in Europe’s Cities, combining electric transport, renewable energy and smart energy management.
- Bidirectional charging (Vehicle to Grid, or V2G).
- Use of EV batteries as short term storage of renew-
- SEEV4-City distinguishes itself from earlier V2G initiatives in:Size of the pilots (dozens, instead of single users)
- Benefit from data analysis of more than one million charge sessions in Amsterdam
- Leading cities in terms of EV ambitions
- Analysis of V2G potential at different scales
- Operational, long term pilots demonstrating the integration of:
- Locally generated renewables and energy storage in electric vehicles.
- ICT managing energy demand and supply in urban environment.
- Increased share of local renewable energy in the city.
- Reduced energy dependence in the city.
- Innovative city development plans integrating clean electric transport services and renewable energy generation.
- Business development for renewable energy and mobility services.
- Social acceptance study, lessons learned, management guidelines and policy frameworks.
Green mobility solutions
The SEEV4-City project main overall objective focuses on the demonstration and take-up of green mobility solutions and services in North Sea Region Cities.
Electric vehicle charging creates energy demand peak when renewable production is low, renewable energy production peaks when demand is low. The result of this disparity is:
- Electrical vehicles aren’t charging on renewable energy sources
- High grid investments needed for electric vehicle charging
The challenge is to structure the system in a way that electrical vehicles react to the local production of renewable energy. And ICT systems can turn these problems to solutions.
Electrical vehicles, renewable energy sources and ICT-services are the core of SEEV4-city. SEEV4-City turns barriers and negative side effects of electric vehicles and renewable energy sources into chances for future zero emission electrical vehicle expansion.
- increase use and total amount of renewable energy in city mobility
- facilitate the electricity infrastructure with new technologies necessary for large roll out of electrical vehicles and renewable energy sources
- demonstrate new business for electrical vehicles to promote electric transportation
- provide a new green fueling infrastructure so-called ‘vehicle4energyservices’
- Work Package 1: Project management
Lead by Hogeschool van Amsterdam
- Work Package 2: Communication activities
Lead by KU Leuven
- Work Package 3: SEEV4-City Intelligence (Data nalysis, monitoring and simulation)
Lead by Hogeschool van Amsterdam The main objective is the utilization of large datasets regarding electric vehicles, grid and renewable energy deployment in order to optimize pilot designs, incentive structures and allow monitoring and simulation studies.
SEEV4-City will develop a functional data-platform, with data sets and energy models, built over existing platforms, historical datasets and models brought in by the partners. The main objectives will be:
- Apply data analysis for Operational Pilots
- Execute cross-pilot monitoring instrument for evaluating interventions, including benchmarking
- Analyse futue scenarios in Photovoltaic, Electric Vehicles and ICT through model simulation.
- Work Package 3: SEEV4-City Intelligence (Data nalysis, monitoring and simulation)
- Work Package 4: SEEV4-City Operational Pilots Implementation and Coordination
Lead by CENEX Implemented by all participant cities.
Each Operational Pilot is developed both in a transnational and a local setting:
- The design is local, in cooperation with all stakeholders
- The expertise of SEEV4-City contribute to the functional and technical specification.
- Transnational cooperation and benchmarking occurs in the cyclic improvement of the operational pilots and the share of experiences.
The Operational Pilots are realized from household to distric level, and are focused on delivering:
- Smart and Flexible charging
- Vehicle 2 home/district/grid services, complemented with ICT tool
- Local renewable energy integration systems.
The adoption of SEEV4-City pilots contribute directly to:
- Zero emission mobility
- Energy autonomy
- Several “transport4energy services”
- Work Package 5: SEEV4-City Policy and Business Case
Lead by Northumbria University This Work Package demonstrates the feasibility of business cases through SEEV4-City implementation. The concept “transtport4energy services” is introduced and integrated in sustainable urban mobility and energy management plans.
- Operational optimization: Evaluation of charging techniques and vehicle energy management system to extend battery life and reduce total cost of ownership and total cost of use
- Planning, business and economic optimization: applying costs and benefit analysis; evaluating the impact in varying energy prices; and exploring requirements to introduce changes in mobility and energy services.
- APPLY INNOVATION: Technological, financial, social
- CREATE NEW EV SERVICES: Introduction vehicle4energyservices.
- STIMULATE POLICY UPTAKE: SUMP to SUMEP (Sustainable Urban Mobility & Energy Plan)
SEEV4-City Operational Pilots
- Leicester depot (Vehicle2Business)
|This Operational Pilot explores the influence of relatively small V2G application in large installations. Theoretical models suggest that a small addition of energy storage can increase dramatically the proportion of renewable energy consumed in situ. The objective is to realise a cost/effectiveness evaluation, adding a limited number of EVs to a depot that currently serves as parking space forcouncil vehicles. This depot counts with a Photovoltaic (PV) installation,and already produces more than a third of the energy that it consumes.|
- Loughborough (Vehicle2Home)
|The focus of this pilot is on a single household equipped with PV panels which regularly produces more energy than it consumes, excluding EV charging. Through ICT integration, when the EV is parked at the house, it will charge or discharge in response to the household’s electricity demand and solar energy production forecast. As a result, it is expected that the distance travelled by the EV using zero emission PV generation will more than double as a result of effective building and EV management.|
- Kortrijk depot (Vehicle2Business)
|This Operational Pilot is placed in a depot that hosts forty workers with different mobility needs that can be fulfilled through EV use. A variety of charging modules will be installed; not only for cars but also for two electric bikes and three electric forklifts. The depot is linked to a nearby sport facility that consumes the excess of electricity produced by PV installed in the roof; the objective of this Operational Pilot is to use energy storage and control charging to maximize the use of this energy surplus for mobility purposes. The variety of EVs involved is a perfect testbed for the potential of different modes of V2G applications.|
- Amsterdam (Vehicle2Neighbourhood)
|The focus will be optimizing the interaction at district level between prosumers and EVs. The chosen area of study will have the precondition of counting with enough EV usage, having significant ownership of PV installations, and having potential grid constrains problems. Landlords will not experience any change in the way they use electricity, but their excess of production will be diverted when possible to charge EVs parked in the district. ICT implementation will forecast energy generation and consumption, so in the evening the EVs parked will provide energy back to the selected households . The results of this Operational Pilot will serve as a landmark source of knowledge to apply V2G schemes in Amsterdam, and will also serve to explore the possibilities of variable energy prices in combination with V2G.|
- Amsterdam Arena (Vehicle2Business)
|Amsterdam Arena presents a different order of magnitude for V2G experiences, with a consumption of energy comparable to a district of 270 households. Thanks to its PV installation Amsterdam Arena already produces around 10% of the energy it consumes; but has a very high power consumption in the evenings during sport events and gigs. Consequently, Amsterdam Arena is interested in energy storage and V2G applications. The vast renewable production ensures a massive supply of clean energy to charge EVs, what translates into a manyfold increase in clean kilometers for the vehicles parked. The experiences of Amsterdam Arena can serve as a development model for other stadiums worldwide.|
- Hamburg (vehicle2street)
|This Operational Pilot focuses on five households, each one with an EV. The households are passive houses, and their electricity consumption is actually lower than an EV yearly consumption. The objective is experimenting in order to achieve maximum energy autonomy. This is expected to ramp up from 30% to 60%. In addition, the presence of five households allow to complement the inevitable differences in production and consumption patterns. This will be done through the creation of a virtual power plant and a centralized battery. The Operational Pilot will also demonstrate the extent of the advantages provided by these two applications.|
- Vulkan Project (Vehicle2Neighbourhood)
|This Operational Pilot focuses on the Vulkan Estate Buildings, a housing development currently under construction. The project is lead by the Municipality of Oslo, and has raised also significant interest among private investors. Vulkan Estate Buildings will count with state of the art sustainability measures; heated through geothermal and solar energy, and using electricity generated in site by PV installations or imported from hydroelectric plants. To seize the advantages of renewable energies in spite of its intermittent, a smart grid including energy storage will be created. There will be also a liberal use of EVs and V2G. In total, more than 400 EVs per day will be served, and it is expected to shave 20% electricity consumption during peak hours.|